Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 25, 2014 is:
vendetta \ven-DET-uh\ noun
1 : a feud between different families 2 : an often prolonged series of retaliatory, vengeful, or hostile acts or exchange of such acts
The vendetta between the two more powerful families on the island reached new heights when the prominent son of one family and two of his associates suddenly went missing.
"Lawyers for the indicted
sheriff are accusing the federal prosecutor of misconduct, saying he has a vendetta against their client and threatened him with arrest during a heated May meeting over U.S. Forest Service patrols in northern New Mexico." Russell Contreras, Albuquerque Journal, August 20, 2014
Did you know?
Vendetta has been getting even in English since the mid-19th century. English speakers borrowed vendetta, spelling and all, from Italian, in which it means "revenge." It ultimately traces to the Latin verb vindicare, which means "to lay claim to" or "to avenge." That Latin word is also in the family tree of many other English terms related to getting even, including avenge, revenge, vengeance, vindicate, and vindictive.
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 24, 2014 is:
lyric \LEER-ik\ adjective
1 : suitable for singing : melodic 2 : expressing direct usually intense personal emotion
The critics are praising Jessica's debut novel as a lyric masterpiece that bravely lays out the emotional tensions experienced by its young protagonist.
"Virtually all of Big Jims lyric digressions were on writers. When Big Jim talked about Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman or whomever, he spoke and we listened and learned." Frank Clancy, Savannah Morning News, September 23, 2014
Did you know?
To the ancient Greeks, anything lyrikos was appropriate to the lyre. That elegant stringed instrument was highly regarded by the Greeks and was used to accompany intensely personal poetry that revealed the thoughts and feelings of the poet. When the adjective lyric, a descendant of lyrikos, was adopted into English in the 1500s, it too referred to things pertaining or adapted to the lyre. Initially, it was applied to poetic forms (such as elegies, odes, or sonnets) that expressed strong emotion, to poets who wrote such works, or to things that were meant to be sung; over time, it was extended to anything musical or rhapsodic. Nowadays, lyric is also used as a noun naming either a type of poem or the words of a song.
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 23, 2014 is:
interlocutor \in-ter-LAH-kyuh-ter\ noun
: one who takes part in dialogue or conversation
Steve's aggressive insistence on the correctness of his own opinions frequently made his interlocutors uncomfortable.
"I don't wonder that one of his interlocutors stared when he seriously suggested to them that MPs were paid too much, and would do their job much better if they were on the minimum wage." Philip Hensher, The Independent (London), September 14, 2014
Did you know?
Interlocutor derives from the Latin interloqui, meaning "to speak between" or "to issue an interlocutory decree." (An interlocutory decree is a court judgment that comes in the middle of a case and is not decisive.) Interloqui, in turn, ultimately comes from the words inter-, "between," and loqui, "to speak." Some other words that English borrowed from loqui are loquacious ("talkative"), circumlocution (essentially, "talking around a subject"), ventriloquism ("talking in such a way that one's voice seems to come from someone or something else"), eloquent ("capable of fluent or vivid speech"), and grandiloquence ("extravagant or pompous speech").
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 22, 2014 is:
turophile \TOOR-uh-fyle\ noun
: a connoisseur of cheese : a cheese fancier
Surely the turophiles at our table can recommend some good cheeses to pair with our wine selection.
"For this dish you need a special cheese from Switzerland called Raclette. It's expensive and hard to find where I live, and it smells terribleor, to turophiles like me, divine." Patty Kirk, Starting From Scratch: Memoirs of a Wandering Cook, 2008
Did you know?
Are you stuck on Stilton or gaga for Gouda? Do you crave Camembert? If so, you just might be a turophile, the ultimate cheese lover. From an irregular formation of the Greek word for cheese, tyros, plus the English -phile, meaning "lover" (itself a descendant of the Greek -philos, meaning "loving"), turophile first named cheese aficionados as early as 1938. It was in the 1950s, however, that the term really caught the attention of the American public, when Clifton Fadiman (writer, editor, and radio host) introduced turophile to readers of his eloquent musings on the subject of cheese.
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 21, 2014 is:
redux \ree-DUKS\ adjective
: brought back
Now running in his own campaign, the son of the former mayor was advised to develop his own identity and not simply portray himself as his father redux.
"Think of it as 'Combat Evolved' redux. 'Destiny' wants to meld the multiplayer and single-player experience into a coherent whole." Gieson Cacho, San Jose Mercury News, September 16, 2014
Did you know?
In Latin, redux (from the verb reducere, meaning "to lead back") can mean "brought back" or "bringing back." The Romans used redux as an epithet for the Goddess Fortuna with its "bringing back" meaning; Fortuna Redux was "one who brings another safely home." But it was the "brought back" meaning that made its way into English. Redux belongs to a small class of English adjectives that are always used postpositivelythat is, they always follow the words they modify. Redux has a history of showing up in titles of English works, such as John Drydens Astraea Redux (a poem "on the happy restoration and return of his sacred majesty, Charles the Second"), Anthony Trollopes Phineas Redux, and John Updikes Rabbit Redux.
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 20, 2014 is:
impunity \im-PYOO-nuh-tee\ noun
: exemption or freedom from punishment, harm, or loss
Penalties for breaking the law can be made harsher, but without extra funding for its enforcement, people will continue to violate it with impunity.
"Carlos Zarate, a congressman who sits on the Philippine House of Representatives' Human Rights Committee, said in an interview Tuesday that the arrest of General Palparan did not signal an end to the problem of security forces committing abuses with impunity." Floyd Whaley, The New York Times, August 13, 2014
Did you know?
Impunity (like the words pain, penal, and punish) traces to the Latin noun poena, meaning "punishment." The Latin word, in turn, came from Greek poinē, meaning "payment" or "penalty." People acting with impunity have prompted use of the word since the 1500s, as in this 1660 example by Englishman Roger Coke: "This unlimited power of doing anything with impunity, will only beget a confidence in kings of doing what they list [desire]." While royals may act with impunity more easily than others, the word impunity can be applied to the lowliest of beings as well as the loftiest: "Certain beetles have learned to detoxify [willow] leaves in their digestive tract so they can eat them with impunity" (Smithsonian, September 1986).
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 19, 2014 is:
esculent \ESS-kyuh-lunt\ adjective
Morels are esculent mushrooms and are delicious, but be warned that there are also false morels, which are poisonous.
"The berry, which has two to three times more antioxidants than blueberries, falls from what the Brazilians call 'The Tree of Life', with about 90 per cent being inedible, but the esculent skin of the aҫaí tastes like a vibrant blend of berries and dark chocolate." Sarah O'Brien, Newcastle Herald (Australia), December 14, 2013
Did you know?
One appealing thing about esculent is that this word, which comes from the Latin for food (esca), has been around for over 375 years. If we give you just one more tidbit of etymologythat esca is from Latin edere, which means "to eat"can you pick which of the following words is NOT related to esculent?
Comestible, edacious, edible, escalade, escarole, or obese.
Comestible (meaning "edible"), edacious (meaning "voracious"), edible, escarole (a type of salad green), and obese are all descendants of edere. Only escalade (meaning "an act of scaling walls") doesn't belong on the list. It descends from the Italian scalare, meaning "to scale."
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 18, 2014 is:
neophilia \nee-uh-FILL-ee-uh\ noun
: love or enthusiasm for what is new or novel
Loretta wondered if it was neophilia that led her husband to buy shiny new power tools even when the ones he already had were in perfect condition.
"Time was, not too many years ago, when shopping was a pleasure. The atmosphere at the malls, the array of items, the decor, the people, the variety of shops, all beckoned to our neophilia, although I wasnt aware there was a word for it." Juanita Hughes, Cherokee Tribune (Canton, Georgia), September 2, 2014
Did you know?
The earliest known example of neophilia in print is from an 1899 issue of Political Science Quarterly, a publication of Columbia University. The word is a combination of the Greek-derived combining forms neo-, meaning "new," and -philia, meaning "liking for." In the 1930s, the form neophily was introduced as a synonym of neophilia, but no neophilia could save it from obscurityit has never caught on. The opposite of neophilia is neophobia, meaning "a dread of or aversion to novelty." It has been around slightly longer than neophilia, having first appeared in 1886.
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 17, 2014 is:
forswear \for-SWAIR\ verb
1 : to make a liar of (oneself) under or as if under oath 2 a : to reject, deny, or renounce under oath b : to renounce earnestly
Tina forswore flying after the latest airline mishap left her stranded in Chicago for eighteen hours.
the film finds Cotillard playing an ordinary woman who, shortly after recovering from a period of depression, finds herself being laid off in unusual circumstances. If she can persuade a majority of her colleagues to forswear their annual bonuses then she can keep her job." Donald Clarke, The Irish Times, August 22, 2014
Did you know?
Forswear (which is also sometimes spelled foreswear) is the modern English equivalent of the Old English forswerian. It can suggest denial ("[Thou] would'st forswear thy own hand and seal" John Arbuthnot, John Bull) or perjury ("Is it the interest of any man
to lie, forswear himself, indulge hatred, seek desperate revenge, or do murder?" Charles Dickens, American Notes). But in current use, it most often has to do with giving something up, as in "the warring parties agreed to forswear violence" and "she refused to forswear her principles." The word abjure is often used as a synonym of forswear, though with less emphasis on the suggestion of perjury or betrayal of the beliefs that one holds dear.
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 16, 2014 is:
bucket shop \BUK-ut-SHAHP\ noun
1 : a gambling establishment that formerly used market fluctuations (as in commodities) as a basis for gaming 2 : a dishonest brokerage firm
the SEC is able to intervene more quickly to shut down frauds, like boiler rooms or bucket shops pushing bogus stocks
." The Orange County Register, October 15, 2001
"As a result, dozens of operations have sprouted up on the Caymans to supply directors, from one-man bucket shops to powerhouse law firms." Azam Ahmed, The New York Times, July 2, 2012
Did you know?
In the 1870s, a bucket shop was a lowly saloon that sold beer and other cheap hooch in buckets. How did the term make the jump from watering hole to Wall Street? No one is really sure. Some speculate that it may have been because of the small-time gambling that took place at the original bucket shops, while others claim it derives from the bucket elevator used to transport things between the Chicago Board of Trade and a market for small investors housed directly below it. By the 1880s, bucket shop was being used for pseudo "investment houses" where gamblers bid on the rise and fall of stock prices. These days the term is used for any business that sells cut-price goods, especially airline tickets.
Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for October 15, 2014 is:
doctrinaire \dahk-truh-NAIR\ adjective
: attempting to put into effect an abstract doctrine or theory with little or no regard for practical difficulties
"As doctrinaire as I may be about players being ready to play every day," Coach said, "they are also human beings; I need to accept they are going to need breaks once in a while."
"We use endorsement interviews to see how candidates interact with their opponents, how politically daring (or doctrinaire) they are and whether theyre thinking more about the publics good or their own campaigns." Elizabeth Sullivan, Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio), September 21, 2014
Did you know?
Doctrinaire didn't start out as a critical word. In post-revolutionary France, a group who favored constitutional monarchy called themselves Doctrinaires. Doctrine in French, as in English, is a word for the principles on which a government is based; it is ultimately from Latin doctrina, meaning "teaching" or "instruction." But both ultraroyalists and revolutionists strongly derided any doctrine of reconciling royalty and representation as utterly impracticable, and they resented the Doctrinaires' influence over Louis XVIII. So when doctrinaire became an adjective, "there adhered to it some indescribable tincture of unpopularity which was totally indelible" (Blanc's History of Ten Years 1830-40, translated by Walter K. Kelly in 1848).